Rejuvenate your body and brain with Bromocriptine
Bromocriptine enhances dopamine, which declines with age, and restrains prolactin, which increases with age
Bromocriptine is a semi-synthetic derivative of the ergo group that boosts dopamine (a neurotransmitter and a precursor of other substances including adrenalin) and slows down the production of prolactin (a hormone released from the anterior pituitary gland that stimulates milk production after childbirth).
Past the age of 40 it is estimated that the healthy person undergoes a dopamine decline of approximately 13% per decade. As dopamine is essential for brain activity, some neurologists have stated that if we increase life expectancy we shall all be senile! Therefore, protection and enhancement of the dopamine producing neurons is a key strategy for anti-aging medicine.
Bromocriptine, therefore, is not only used in the management of mental degenerative conditions such as Parkinson's disease, but as a preventative medicine for those wishing to delay age-related mental decline.
Its second major anti-aging use of Bromocriptine is the inhibition of Prolactin. Prolactin is produced by the pituitary gland, and is one of the few hormones that increase with age. It has been described as a fat synthesis hormone because one of its primary functions is to trigger lactation (milk production) and weight gain in pregnancy. In women, Bromocriptine has been used to help restore ovulation, but it also helps to reduce serum Prolactin levels in men, (although the precise role of Prolactin in men is unclear). In addition, some researchers believe Prolactin levels play a significant part in immune system suppression.
Bromocriptine also effects the most famous of all pituitary hormones, Growth Hormone (GH). Bromocriptine increases GH secretion in individuals with normal GH concentrations, but paradoxically suppresses GH secretion in patients suffering from acromegaly (a condition of excessive GH production).
An interesting clinical study administered a component of tobacco called DMBA to rats, at a level where it is known to be very effective in producing breast cancer. However, rats that had been pre-treated with Bromocriptine completely avoided any cancer development. Bromocriptine therefore appears to also offer itself as a very potent free radical quencher.
One of the most recent studies indicates that Bromocriptine may be a candidate for the treatment of Type-II diabetes. This is because Bromocriptine has been shown to suppress lipogenesis and improve glucose tolerance and insulin resistance.
One animal study suggested that a further action of Bromocriptine is to alter the CNS (central nervous system) regulating metabolism, which helps to prevent weight gain.
Take 1.25mg or 2.5mg daily, unless treating a serious medical disorder where dosage may differ according to your physician's guidance.
Nausea, dizziness, lowering of blood pressure, hypotension and confusion. The first three are relatively common, especially when undertaking initial use. It is also known to increase fertility.
Bromocriptine is a very potent substance and it must not be used by pregnant or lactating women, unless under the guidance of a physician. Bromocriptine does contraindicate with psychoactive and hypotensive drugs and other Dopamine enhancing drugs, such as Deprenyl and Sinemet CR. Although often dependant on the dosages used, these should only be administered concurrently under a physician's guidance. Its effects can also be exaggerated when combined with other ergots, including Hydergine and Nicergoline.
BROMOCRIPTINE / PARLODEL ®
Ingredients: Each tablet contains: Bromocriptine mesylate 2.87 mg (equal to 2.5 of base bromocriptine)
Excipients: Colloidal silica, magnesium stearate, polyvinyl pyrrolidine, corn starch, lactose.
Parlodel is available in: Boxes containing 30 2.5-mg tablets, to be taken by mouth.
Pharmaceutical Classification: Prolactin secretion inhibitor with dopaminergic effect.
Parlodel is Recommended for: Galactorrhoea accompanied or not by amenorrhoea; post-partum effects (Chiari-Frommel); idiopathy (Aragonz-del Castillo); tumoral effects (Forbes Albright), side effects from pharmaceutical products (psychotropic and contraceptive drugs). Prolactin-dependent amenorrhoea without galactorrhoea. Hyperprolactinaemic infertility. Menstrual disorders (premenstrual syndrome, brief luteinic phase). Prolactin-dependent male hypogonadism. Acromegaly: The initial treatment for this problem is surgical or by means of radiotherapy. PARLODEL is a useful adjuvant in either treatment and may be used without them in certain cases. Idiopathic and arteriosclerotic Parkinson's disease. PARLODEL is particularly beneficial to those patients who show a decreasing response to L-dopa, and in cases where the effects of levodopa therapy are restricted by the presence of the "on-off" phenomenon. Taking this product with L-dopa brings about an increased anti-Parkinson effect which permits a lower dosage of both pharmaceutical products.
PARLODEL can be taken on its own in preliminary or mild cases of Parkinson's disease and may also be taken with anticholinergic drugs and/or other anti-Parkinson products.
Contraindications: If you are expecting a baby or think that you might be, it is unwise to take this product. The safety and effectiveness of PARLODEL (bromocriptine mesylate) has not been confirmed for treatment of adolescents younger than fifteen years of age.
Precautions: In patients with galactorrhoea and prolactin-dependent amenorrhoea, menstrual disorders or acromegaly, PARLODEL may eliminate pre-existing sterility. Women who may become fertile but who do not wish to conceive should therefore adopt a mechanical form of contraception. The exact cause of infertility should be determined before beginning PARLODEL treatment. Pregnancy should be avoided if hypophysial adenoma has been diagnosed. A marked lengthening of the sella turcica or a defect in the field of vision requires, first of all, surgery or radiotherapy. PARLODEL is only recommended should these measures fail. In the absence of hypophysial adenoma and should the patient be anxious to conceive, PARLODEL treatment should be stopped as soon after conception as possible (early pregnancy diagnosis with immunological test) since knowledge of the possible effects of this pharmaceutical product on the development of pregnancy and the foetus is as yet inconclusive. As a precautionary measure in the case of confirmed pregnancy, the possible negative effects of a pathological hypophysial problem associated with the pregnancy should be controlled regularly (for example, checking the field of vision). Sporadic gastrointestinal bleeding has been known to occur in patients with acromegaly, whether they are undergoing PARLODEL treatment, another treatment, or no treatment at all. Until more complete information is available, it is thus preferable for acromegaly patients with case-histories of peptic ulcer to receive some other form of treatment. If it is essential that such patients take PARLODEL, they can soon expect signs of such gastroenteric reactions. Caution is advised when PARLODEL is taken in large doses by patients suffering from Parkinson's disease with case histories of psychotic disorders, serious cardiovascular problems, peptic ulcers or gastroenteric bleeding. Some cases of pleural effusions have been reported in Parkinson patients undergoing long-term high-dosage PARLODEL treatment. Although the causal correlation between PARLODEL and these reports has not been proved, it is still advisable for patients who show inexplicable pleuro-pulmonary signs or symptoms to be examined and the possibility of stopping PARLODEL treatment considered.
Interactions with other medicines: The possibility of interactions between bromocriptine and psychoactive or hypotensive drugs should not be ruled out. Particular caution should be taken with regard to patients undergoing treatment with ergot alkaloids or products which might possibly increase arterial pressure.
Special Warning: For instructions as to the use of this product during pregnancy or by patients with acromegaly and/or hypophysial adenoma, see Precautions.
Treatment must be carried out under medical supervision, including hormone dosage and gynaecological consultation. All women being treated with PARLODEL for a continuous period of longer than 6 months should have gynaecological check-ups once a year if they have not reached menopause, and every 6 months if they are undergoing menopause (with cervical and if possible endometrial cytology). Women with affections not linked to hyperprolactaemia should take the lowest possible effective dosage of PARLODEL to alleviate the symptoms, so as to avoid the possibility of lowering the prolactin level below normal with a consequent alteration of the luteinic function. Tests concerning plasmatic prolactin and post-ovulatory progesterone should be carried out on such patients if treatment is prolonged for longer than 6 months. In the event of hypotensive reactions, which can occur with certain patients especially during the first days of treatment, particular care should be taken when driving or operating machinery.
Directions for use:
- This product is always to be taken at mealtimes.
- Galactorrhoea and/or prolactin-dependent amenorrhoea, hyperprolactaemic infertility: half a tablet 3 times daily. If this is not sufficient, increase the dosage gradually to 1 tablet, 2-3 times daily with meals. Continue the treatment until the mammary secretion disappears completely, and, should the problem be compounded by amenorrhoea, until the menstrual cycle returns to normal. The treatment may be continued if necessary for several menstrual cycles in order to avoid a relapse.
- Disorders of the menstrual cycle:- Pre-menstrual syndrome. Begin treatment on the 14th day of the menstrual cycle with a half tablet per day, then gradually increase the dosage by half a tablet until reaching the dosage of 1 tablet twice daily. Continue this treatment until the onset of the menstrual flow.
- Brief luteinic phase. Half a tablet 3 times daily, gradually increasing the dosage to 1 tablet twice daily with meals until the luteinic phase has returned to normal.
- Male hypogonadism: half a tablet 3 times daily, gradually increasing to 1 tablet 3 times daily for a period of 2-3 months. Acromegaly: Start by taking 1 tablet per day, gradually increasing the dosage over 1-2 weeks to 4-8 tablets, according to the patient's needs, clinical response and tolerance. The daily dosage should be divided into 4 separate and equal doses.
- Parkinson's disease: The effects of Parkinson's disease can be combated with low doses, 10-15 mg daily. The effective therapeutic dosage when PARLODEL is taken alone is usually high (30 mg or more per day). However, if PARLODEL is taken together with L-dopa, with or without the dopa-decarboxylase inhibitor, a lower dosage may suffice. The recommended initial dosage is 2.5 mg twice a day (at mealtimes) for a week. The dosage increase must be gradual and regular: normally not by more than 5 mg every 2-3 days in the initial phase of treatment. Later on, the final dosage increase can be done gradually, not more than 10 mg at a time, depending on therapeutic response and tolerance. Similarly, each reduction of the L-dopa dosage must be gradual until optimum results are obtained. In certain cases L-dopa treatment may be stopped altogether.
In Case ov Overdose: Cases of life-threatening overdoses have not been reported. The single maximum dose taken by an adult has been 225 mg. Nausea, vomiting, dizziness, orthostatic hypotension, excessive perspiration and hallucinations have been observed. Treatment of acute intoxication is symptomatic. Metoclopramide may be used for vomiting and hallucinations.
Adverse Effects: During the first days of treatment, some patients may experience mild nausea and, less frequently, dizziness, fatigue or vomiting. However these side effects have never been of such an intensity as to require a suppression of treatment. In rare cases, PARLODEL may lead to a lowering of blood pressure. For this reason supervision and evaluations of out-patients are advisable during the early days of treatment. Should such undesired side effects persist, the dosage should be reduced. Reversible pallor in fingers and toes caused by cold should be reported in the case of patients undergoing a prolonged treatment of 20 mg and more, especially in patients who have previously suffered from Raynaud's phenomenon. There have also been cases of vasospasm, hallucinations and confusion, hypotension and diskinesia. Constipation, drowsiness and, less frequently, psychomotor excitation, leanness of the jaw and leg cramp have also been reported during treatment of Parkinson's disease with PARLODEL. At times certain dose-dependent effects may be controlled by a lowering of the dosage. Postural hypotension may be unpleasant but can be treated symptomatically.
If, after taking this pharmaceutical product, the patient notes unpleasant side effects which are not described in this leaflet, he should consult his family doctor.
Special Storage Precautions: Store this product out of the sunlight and at a temperature not exceeding 25ºC.
Attention: Do not use this product following the expiry date